Forest communities should have the right to ownership of the forests they live in and depend on, in order to effectively conserve and manage them, utilise their resources, and have security of livelihood. CPF began work on securing communities forest resource rights in 1996 as an autonomous wing of Centre for World Solidarity.

Since 2015, CPF has been working as an implementing partner to Tata Trusts in Vijayawada Parliamentary Constituency, Krishna district as well as in the entire State of Andhra Pradesh through several projects for the work with rural communities. The areas of work under Rural Communities Programme are Health, Nutrition, Village Development, Digital Initiatives and Skill Development.